The entire Kalpa-sutra of Apastamba is divided into 30 sections, called Prasnas, literally questions. The first 24 of these teach the performance of the so-called. 20 Jan Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Sastri, va ioned. श् मात् नमःINTRODUCTION TO THE GRIHYA-SUTRAS We begin our discussion on Grihya Sutras which are coined with a name that life style i.

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Haradatta explains Ksatriyas by visistah, ‘excellent ones,’ sitra. For we know from a statement made by Katyayana in a Varttika on Panini IV, 3,and from Patanjali’s commentary on his words that the Brahmana proclaimed by Yagnavalkya, i.

Introduction to the Apastamba Sutras

As regards the first point, the Karana-vyuha, a supplement of the White Yajur-veda which gives the lists of the Vedic schools, informs us that the Apastambiya school formed one of the five branches of the Khandiklya school, which in its turn was a subdivision of the Taittiriyas, one of the ancient sections of the Black Yajur-veda. In order to prove the latter assertion he quotes a passage of the Taittirlya Samhita, in which it is declared that ‘Manu divided his wealth among his sons,’ and no difference in the treatment of the eldest son is prescribed.

He who follows such [usages] becomes fit for hell.

He shall not sip water heated [at the fire] except for a particular reason [as sickness]. The History of the Apastamba School Regarding both the school which has been named after Apastamba and the works ascribed to him, some information has been preserved by tradition, and a little more can be obtained from inscriptions and later works, while some interesting details regarding when and where the Sutras were composed.

In other words the garment shall be worn to expose the right shoulder. If not addressed by a Guru, he shall not speak to him, except [in order to announce] good news.



And one shall study after having been called by the teacher [and not request the teacher to begin the lesson]. The term lasts therefore for five months; [ie. The 26 th section gives the Mantras or Vedic prayers and formulas for the Grihya rites, the ceremonies for which the sacred domestic or Grihya fire is required. But those whose great-grandfather’s [grandfather’s and father’s] initiation is not remembered, are called “cremation-grounds.

This opinion is contrary to Apastamba’s view given in Sutras 2 and 3 above. For pleasure is obtained [by using or eating forbidden substances]. Rules for Eating bhoksyamdnas tu prayato- ‘pi dvir dcdmed dvih parimrjet sakrd upasprset 1 1 9 1 1 sutta. Some declare, that [the fuel need not be sprinkled with water] if used for the kitchen fire.

For [explicit] Vedic texts have greater force than custom apatsamba which [the existence of a permissive passage of the revelation] may be inferred.

This assertion agrees, on the whole, with the actual facts which have fallen under my observation.

Because in this Sutra the expression “food not given at a sraddha” occurs, some think that the preceding Sutra refer to “food eaten at a sraddha. It is, states Patrick Olivelle, possible that the Apastamba Dharmasutra is ascribed to Apastamba, but actually composed by others in his school.

Such as pungent condiments, salt, honey, or meat [and the like].

Introduction to the Apastamba Sutras

If he can [find water to sip] he shall not remain impure [even] for a muhurta. If it is sufficiently mentally developed at eight years, the ceremony must then be performed; and if it be then neglected, or, if it be neglected at any time when the capacity for learning exists, the expiation prescribed in the following Sutras must be performed.


Nor is the recitation interrupted, if he has eaten rice received the day before, or raw meat [though these things may have been offered in honour of the dead], This Sutra is an exception to 1: He adds that a second passage occurs in the same Veda, which declares that ‘they distinguish the eldest son by a larger portion of the heritage,’ and which thus apparently countenances the partiality for the first- born.

This site uses cookies. The first twenty-four of these teach the performance of the so-called Srauta ritual or Vaitanika sacrifices, for which several sacred fires are required, beginning with the simplest rites, the new and full moon offerings, and ending with the complicated Sattras or sacrificial sessions, which last a whole year or even longer.

It is evident that the author of the metrical Code of Laws speaks of the old Manu as of a person different from himself, when he says B. And one shall not stretch out the feet towards him. The higher the caste [which the sudra serves] the greater is the merit. Wedding, rites, sex, food, apastambw for guests, post-school studies, charity, lawful occupations, remarriage, child custody, apwstamba to daughters and sons, inheritance. One shall not approach [the teacher] with shoes on, or the head covered, or holding [implements].

Now [follows the enumeration of the ages to be chosen] for the fulfilment of some [particular] aim.

A teacher also, who neglects the instruction [of the student], no [longer] remains a teacher. The other southern nations and a fuller description of the south occur first in the Mahabharata.