27 May Tahdhīb al-aḥkām (Arabic: تَهذیب الأحکام) is a collection of hadiths by Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Hasan al-Tusi (d. / ) known as Shaykh. Tahdhib Al-Ahkam on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Tahdhib Al-Ahkam at Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.

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This page was last edited on 27 Mayat This is why he added the sections on ziyara pilgrimage in the first three volumes of the book.

Parts or books of fiqh in this books are organized in the same sl as al-Muqni’a. The most tahvhib hadith books. It was during this period that Shi’ite scholars were without rivals in the Islamic world. His Fihrist is an important work of Shi’ite bibliography. Aqa Buzurg Tihrani has mentioned 16 expositions and 20 commentaries for Tahdhib al-ahkammentioning four books as commentaries on the Four Books.

Tahdhib al-Ahkam – Wikidata

The process had been continued by lbn Babawaih; in his introduction to Man la yahduruh al-faqih he makes it clear that he had also used these usul. Al-Tusi mentions that his colleagues, after seeing the size of Tahdhib al-ahkam considered: Hadiths from most of the Infallibles a regarding various issues. However, it was al-Shaikh al-Tusi’s arrival which was to tahdhig that city the impetus to become the leading centre of Shi’ite scholarship.

Tahdhlb a traditionist, he naturally had an interest in the men who related traditions, in his Kitab al-rijal, he tries to list most of the important Shi’ites.

Great Shi’i Works: ‘Tahdhib al-Ahkam’ and ‘Al-Istibsar’ by Al-Tusi

Likewise, in his al-‘Udda fi usul al-fiqhal-Shaykh al-Tusi refers to both of Tahdhib al-ahkam and al-Istibsarimplying that both books had been done when he started writing the book. It had all with al-Kulaini, whose al-Kafi, while not the first collection, was certainly the first major collection based on the early works of usul.

In this part of the book, there are various Quranic and literary issues related to Arabic grammar and lexicology as well as views in usul al-fiqh. Therefore, the author changed his method in the rest of the book, resting content with citing Shiite hadiths and reconciling their conflicts.


Shaykh Tusi explained his style in authoring the Tahdhib al-Ahkam in the introduction of it. Sometimes his fatwas in this book or in al-Istibsar differ from his fatwas in the rest of his work in fiqh.

This page has been accessed 7, times. However, the parts of al-shahadat witnessing or testimony and al-at’ima wa al-ashriba eating and drinking are only independently discussed in the latter two books.

Skip to main content. Moreover, Tahchib al-ahkam contains an independent book of al-ziyarat pilgrimages that is absent in the other two works. Thus it implies that the writing of the book started when al-Shaykh al-Mufid was still alive and went on after his death RamadanA. In addition to its contribution to fiqh, Tahdhib is also significant as a collection of hadiths.

His vast scholarship and learning made him a natural successor of al-Sharif al-Murtada as the leading spokesman of Shi’ite Ahkm.

In the first volume of Tahdhib most hadiths are cited through al-Shaykh al-Mufidbut in al-Istibsarother masters are also cited, and the way through a person other than aal al-Mufid is preferred if it has some advantages such as shorter chains of ahlam or tahhdib greater number of narrators.

It would be useful that there should be a reference madhkur book which a beginner could use in his study of jurisprudence, or one who has finished, to remind himself, or the intermediate student to study more deeply. Tawus took al-Kafi and Tahdhib al-ahkam to ahkma the greatest books in fiqh, and ‘Allama al-Hilli took the book to be the origin of fiqh, which is, together with al-Muqni’aone of the greatest sources in fiqh.

In the preface to Tahdhib al-ahkamal-Shaykh al-Tusi writes that one of his friends talked to him about apparently contradictory hadiths in Shiite sources, pointing that this has led to strong criticisms by opponents of Shiism and disbelieving Shiism by some ignorant Shiites. In many ways it is closer to Man la yahduruh al-faqih, although unlike the latter it gives full isnads for the traditions quoted. In this book, al-Shaykh al-Tusi did not concern himself with issues in the principles of Shiite beliefs, restricting himself to issues related to all areas of fiqh or laws of sharia, from kitab al-tahara the book of cleanliness to kitab al-diyat the book of diya or blood money.

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New Encyclopedia of Islam: Al-Tusi was succeeded by his son al-Hasan, who was known as al-Mufid al-Thani, and was himself an outstanding scholar. AltaMira Press; Ajkam edition. Adamec as confirmation of decision [3] and by I.

According to Najaf publication, Tahdhib al-Ahkam included chapters, traditions and tahdhob to the counting of Muhaddis Noori it included chapters, traditions.

However the work was not finally finished until al-Tusi moved to al-Najaf A. The sources appealed to by al-Shaykh al-Tusi in this book are the Tahxhib the apparent or explicit meaning or connotations or implications thereof wl, absolutely authentic hadiths such as al-khabar al-mutawatirthat is, frequently narrated hadiths, or ones with assuring evidence for their authenticityconsensus by Muslims or by Shiite scholars, and hadiths that are well-known among the companions of Imams a.

Thus he asked al-Shaykh al-Tusi to write a well-argued exposition for al-Shaykh al-Mufid ‘s al-Muqni’awhich contains the grounds of akam problem in widely accepted hadiths as well as contradictory hadiths, showing how to resolve the contradiction or interpret them away or showing in what ways they should not be relied upon.

Tahdhib al-ahkam (book)

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It has also cited some hadiths from Ap sources without mentioning their chains of narrators.

Therefore, the book was written with two different methods that differ in their elaboration as well as in the way they cite hadiths.